2014 Kyoto Prize Laureates

Arts and Philosophy

Arts(Painting, Sculpture, Craft, Architecture, Photography, Design, etc.)

Fukumi Shimura

/  Dyeing and Weaving Artist

1924 -

Commemorative Lectures

Light, Life and Colour

2014

11 /11 Tue

Place:Kyoto International Conference Center

Workshop

Philosophy of Tsumugi: The World of Fukumi Shimura

2014

11 /12 Wed

14:00 - 17:30

Place:Kyoto Theater

Achievement Digest

An Artist in Constant Pursuit of the Fundamental Human Value of Harmonious Coexistence with Nature through the Artistic Creation of Tsumugi Kimono on the Basis of Folk Wisdom

Ms. Shimura has developed her original style of art, commanding an extraordinarily colorful range of plant-dyed yarns as her visual vocabulary and unleashing her imagination to improvise an infinite resonance of colors over canvases of tsumugi kimono. Through a constant communication with nature and deep meditation, she has cultivated a “tender and flexible thought that advances to weave human existence into nature.”

Citation

Ms. Fukumi Shimura started her career as a dyeing and weaving artist after she became inspired by Muneyoshi (Soetsu) Yanagi’s Mingei Movement (the Japanese Folk Craft Movement). Since that time, she has made a profound study of the beauty of tsumugi (pongee) kimono, which Japanese peasant women traditionally wove for everyday use, and she has developed her own original style of art. Commanding an extraordinarily colorful range of mellow plant–dyed yarns as her rich visual vocabulary and giving free rein to her unique sensibility and creative imagination, she improvises an infinite resonance of colors over canvases of plain–weave fabric. Her work has not only broken stereotypes in Japanese tsumugi kimono, but also developed a radically new sense of beauty.

In various parts of the world, the process of making yarn, dyeing with plant-derived colors, weaving, wearing, and passing on memories has been performed without interruption from antiquity. Of all the varieties of fabrics, Ms. Shimura discovered infinite potential in the elegant simplicity of tsumugi.

Kusaki–zome, the Japanese technique of dyeing with various kinds of plants, is the act of “receiving colors” from nature. Ms. Shimura has striven to comprehend the mystery of nature, eventually coming into perfect synchrony with the complicated and delicate life phenomena of plants and perfecting the skills needed to make them manifest themselves in the form of exquisite colors. That, she implies, means to live in accordance with natural providence. Acknowledging the effect of celestial motions on the color of dyes, she works in harmony with the lunar phases, the cycle of the seasons, and the growth and decay of all living things.

“Plants do not yield green dyes. Why is it that the green hue that shows itself when the yarn is pulled up from an indigo jar disappears so quickly?” Asking herself this essential question, Ms. Shimura discovered a clue in the words of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Rudolf Steiner. Goethe says that Yellow appears next to the light; Blue appears next to the darkness; and Green appears when these two colors are mixed. Also, according to Steiner, “Green represents the dead image of life.” She encountered these thoughts while extensively exploring color theories around the world as well as the Japanese tradition of coloring, in her quest for this miraculous green plant color. This led her to a conviction that there is a “link with the invisible world” – and the discovery of the secrets of dyeing. The conviction and secrets have been reflected in her numerous works.

Ms. Shimura’s “philosophy of tsumugi,” formed through an intimate dialogue with nature, is a delicate and subtle concept which weaves human existence into nature. As such, it offers us suggestions as to the future course of humankind. Through the beauty of tsumugi backed by such deep contemplation, she pursues the fundamental human value of harmonious coexistence with nature.

For these reasons, the Inamori Foundation is pleased to present the 2014 Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy to Ms. Fukumi Shimura.

Profile

Biography
1924
Born in Omihachiman, Shiga, Japan
1942
Graduated from Bunka Gakuin (vocational school)
1955
Began weaving with pongee yarn dyed with plants’ dyeParticipated in the Mingei Movement instructed by Muneyoshi (also known as Soetsu) Yanagi
1957−
Accepted at the 4th Japan Traditional Art Crafts ExhibitionWon the Encouragement Award from Japan Art Crafts Association at the 5th Japan Traditional Art Crafts Exhibition, and won many more prizes at exhibitions in the following years
1964
First solo exhibition at Shiseido Gallery, Tokyo; and later held many exhibitions in various parts of Japan
1968
Moved to Sagano, Kyoto
1983
Won the Osaragi Jiro Prize for her book “One colour, One life”
1985
Group exhibition “Kimono as Art: Modern Textile Works by Kako Moriguchi, Rikizo Munehiro, and Fukumi Shimura” at The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo
1989
Established ‘Tsuki Atelier’ with her daughter, Yoko Shimura
1993
Won the Nihon Essayist Club Prize for her book “Stories of Flowers”
1999
“Fukumi and Yoko Shimura Exhibition” at the Chojun Textile and Quilt Art Museum, Seoul
2013
Established ‘Ars Shimura,’ the school to learn the world of dyeing and weaving, with Yoko Shimura
Selected Awards and Honors
1986
Medal with Purple Ribbon, Government of Japan
1990
Holder of Important Intangible Cultural Property (Living National Treasure), Government of Japan
1993
Person of Cultural Merit, Government of Japan
Selected Works
1958
Kimono, “Autumn Mist” Tsumugi silk
1959
Kimono, “Bell-ring Cricket” Tsumugi silk
1960
Kimono, “Star Festival” Tsumugi silk
1961
Kimono, “Mist” Tsumugi silk
1973
Kimono, “Iware Pond, Nara” Tsumugi silk
1974
Kimono, “PurpleⅠ” Tsumugi silk
1992
Kimono, “Temple” Tsumugi silk
1998-
Kimono, a series of works on “The Tale of Genji,”
2000
Kimono, “Furo” Tsumugi silk
2007
Kimono, “Okubiwa” Tsumugi silk
2007
Kimono, “Stairways of Joy” Tsumugi silk

Profile is at the time of the award.

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